Roselle     

 

The walls of Roselle, that Dennis compared with those of Tirino (Greece), costitute the most amazing document left in Tuscany by the Etruscans.From the archaeological diggings they think that the construction goes back to the 6th c.B.C. when Roselle was asserting as a City-State and was prefortifying for its defense. From a stratum surveying it can be presumed that still before the 6th c., in the western side had been a previous structure of the 7th c.B.C. constituted by a base of heap of stones and by a raising of bricks  of raw clay.The town-wall building is nearly completely conserved in its perimeter and is the sum of a series of constructions and restructures of various ages, since in every age the walls of the city have continued to acquit their original function of protection and marking out of the two hills. The walls measure 3270 meters and they are visible for a good part that coincides with those of greater suggestion and monumental spectacularity. The adopted constructive technique, noticeable from the gashes in the structure caused by the time, is based on the cut and smoothed cliff on which they have been placed large blocks of irregular shape joined with attention and supported sometimes by stones of small dimension or by a consisting filling of earth and stone flakes that concur a suitable water-drainage.These large blocks make us think of the Greek powerful models of the Argolide called “pelasgici “ and  of the rests of the acropolis of Segni and of the walls of Arpino. They have been identified seven city-doors , three of which in correspondence with the main roads of access to the city.
Amphitheatre On the table-land that gives the shape to the apex of the northern hill rise the ruins of the Amphitheatre constructed in the Roman age in the first decades of the Empire.It is an elliptic structure in plastered opus reticolatum with the greatest axis oriented to east-west that measures 38,50 meters,while the smallest axis (north-south) measures 24,70 meters. At the axial extremities four doors of access in the “arena” are opened .The east-west doors are opened with dromos of various length and the north-south ones preceded by long corridors covered with vaults beyond 10 meters.It can be presumed that from the two opened corridors,given their width,the carts entered and from the covered corridors the people entered. At the same level of the “arena”, arranged in symmetrical way to the east-west access,are found four carceres or caveae:small rooms with vault with access both from the dromos and from the arena, it is believed they were used for the shelter of furnishings, animals or however for service of the shows. The door of the “carcer” of north-east is the only one that still conserves  the inferior part of two jambs in travertine.Along the line of the greatest axis are returned to light,bolted and equidistant from each other, four blocks of trachyte with a squared hole, where probably could be placed some poles in wood to support a velarium. Interesting : the acoustics within the arena is perfect!

House of the Impluvium

On the north hill of Roselle, the diggings have brought back in light the rests of the immense building called House of the Impluvium. It is a construction realized in the 7th c.B.C., that is in the same age in which Roselle has been fortified. The building that covered the extension of 300 mq, shows a typical outline of the roman houses: in the center of an arcaded court, supported by wood columns, there is a bathtub to collect rainwaters that are conveyed from the sloping roof towards the inside. From the bathtub the waters ended in a reservior that contained 7mc, while the water in surplus passed from the reservior to a lower container. The entrance to the house happened through a porch turned towards downhill, supported by four wood columns. As soon as within the first room
was reserved to the cult of a domestic divinity, then they passed, for a short climb, to three premises: the room of the servants and the bedrooms of the owners whose thalamus was accomodated on the rise that is still present along the botton wall. The end of the house is due in all probability to a fire whose rests have been found in the room of the servants and it has been dated to the 5th c.B.C.

 

 

Montepulciano Montalcino montepulciano  Siena Abbazia di S. Antimo Roselle San Galgano Castiglion della Pescaia Chiusdino

 

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